The Battle of Chaumkar, in which 40 Sikhs held off thousands of Mughal troops to defend the life of Guru Gobind Singh and allow him to escape safely, took place in 1704. Alfred Dreyfus was accused of treason in 1894. A speed limit of 70 mph was set on all rural roads in Great Britain in 1965. Brazilian trade unionist and environmentalist, Chico Mendes, was assassinated in 1988. The Brandenburg Gate reopened in 1989.
Born today: Jean Racine (1639-1699), Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924), Peggy Ashcroft (1907-1991), Maurice and Robin Gibb (1949. Maurice died in 2003.) and Ralph Fiennes (1962).