The Royal Opera House at Covent Garden opened as the Theatre Royal in 1732. The first production was William Congreve's The Way of the World. Delaware became the first state to ratify the US Constitution in 1787. Max Planck discovered the law of black body emissions in 1900. The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in 1941. An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale shook Spitak, Armenia, in 1988, leaving 25,000 dead, 15,000 injured and 400,000 homeless.
Born today: Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598-1680), Willa Cather (1873-1947), Louis Prima (1910-1978), Noam Chomsky (1928), Tom Waits (1949) and John Terry (1980).