Martin Luther burnt his copy of the papal bull Exsurge Domine, which demanded that he retract 41 'errors' in his 95 Theses by this date. William Tecumseh Sherman's troops reached Savannah in 1864. Along their march from Atlanta, begun on 15 November, they destroyed 300 miles of railroad tracks, destroyed bridges and telegraph wires, confiscated 5000 horses, 4000 mules and 15,000 head of cattle. Edward VIII signed the Instrument of Abdication in 1936. Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978.
Born today: Ada Lovelace (1815-1852), César Franck (1822-1890), Emily Dickinson (1830-1886), Rumer Godden (1907-1998) and Kenneth Branagh (1960).