Pope Paul III excommunicated Henry VIII in 1538. The first passenger railway in Ireland, the Dublin and Kingstown Railway began operations in 1834. Australian PM, Harold Holt disappeared while swimming in 1967 and was presumed to have drowned. The first episode of The Simpsons aired in 1989.
Born today: Ford Madox Ford (1873-1939), Tommy Steele (1936) and John Kennedy Toole (1937-1969).