The Order of the Templar was approved by the Council of Troyes in 1129. Afghan forces led by Ahmad Shah Durrani defeated the Marathas in the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761. Franklin Delano Roosevelt became the first President of the United States to fly while in office in 1943, when he flew to Morocco to meet with Churchill. Queen Margrethe II ascended the throne of Denmark in 1972. She is Denmark's first queen since 1412 and the first Danish monarch since 1513 to not be named either Frederick or Christian.
Born today: Berthe Morisot (1841-1895), Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965), Martin Niemöller (1892-1984), John Dos Passos (1896-1970), Cecil Beaton (1904-1980), Richard Briers (1934), Trevor Nunn (1940), Faye Dunaway (1941), Mark Addy (1964) and Dave Grohl (1969).
It is the feast day of Macrina the Elder in the Roman Catholic Church.