Mount Etna erupted in 1693. The accompanying earthquake destroyed 45 towns on Sicily and Malta and killed more than 60,000 people. William Herschel discovered two of Uranus's major moons. They were later named Oberon and Titania. Insulin was first used to treat diabetes in a human patient in 1922. Los Angeles received its first-ever recorded snowfall in 1949. And East Pakistan changed its name to Bangladesh in 1972.
Born today: Alexander Calder (1870-1945), Maurice Durufflé (1902-1986), Alan Paton (1903-1988), Arthur Scargill (1938), Tony Kaye (1946) and Emile Heskey (1978).
It is Unity Day in Nepal.