Boris Godunov became tsar of Russia in 1598. Galileo Galilei first observed the four largest moons of Jupiter in 1610. Jean Pierre Blanchard and John Jeffries flew from Dover to Calais in a gas balloon in 1785. The interior of the Leaning Tower of Pisa was closed due to safety concerns in 1990.
Born today: Charles Addams (1912-1988), Jean Pierre Rampal (1922-2000), Gerald Durrell (1925-1995), Nicholas Cage (1964), Mark Lamarr (1967) and Nick Clegg (1967).