The Spanish Armada began leaving Lisbon for the English Channel in 1588. Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Acts in 1830, authorising the forced removal of the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Muskogee and Seminole) from the southeastern United States into what is now Oklahoma. Greek women gained the right to vote in 1952. Nepal became a republic in 2008.
Born today: Louis Agassiz (1807-1873), Carl Larsson (1853-1919), Ian Fleming (1908-1964), Thora Hird (1911-2003), Prince Buster (1938), Gladys Knight (1944), John Fogerty (1945), Roland Gift (1962), Kylie Minogue (1968) and Charles N'Zogbia (1986).