The University of Athens was founded in 1837. Canadian Lt. Col. John McCrae wrote the poem "In Flanders Fields" in 1915. Anne Frank House opened in 1960. An F5 tornado with wind speeds as high as 318 mph hit Oklahoma City in 1999, leaving 42 dead, more than 600 injured and causing around $1,000,000,000 in damage.
Born today: Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527), Richard D'Oyly Carte (1844-1901), Jacob Riis (1849-1914), Bing Crosby (1903-1977) and Pete Seeger (1919).
It is Constitution Day in Japan, Lithuania and Poland.