With the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton in 1328, the English Crown recognised Scotland as an independent nation. And then the Acts of Union undid it in 1707. Carolus Linnaeus published Species Plantarum in 1753. Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro was performed for the first time in 1786. The Folies Bergère opened in 1869. The Empire State Building was dedicated in 1931. The Salk polio vaccine became available in 1956. And in 2003, Shrub stood aboard the USS Abraham Lincoln in front of a banner stating "Mission Accomplished" to tell the world that major combat operations in Iraq had come to an end.
Born today: Joseph Addison (1672-1719), Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955), Judy Collins (1939) and Joanna Lumley (1946)