In 1040, Duncan I of Scotland was killed in battle by Macbeth. In 1057, Macbeth snuffed it during the Battle of Lumphanan. Liberia was founded by freed American slaves in 1824. Tivoli opened in Copenhagen in 1843. The Japanese surrendered in 1945. Celebrating birthdays today: Tony Robinson, Princess Anne and Ben Affleck. It is Independence Day in India.