Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species went on sale in London in 1859. Tutankhamen's tomb was opened in 1922. John Fitzgerald Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas in 1963. Juan Carlos Alfonso Victor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias was declared King of Spain in 1975.
Born today: George Eliot (1819-1880), André Gide (1869-1951), Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970), Benjamin Britten (1913-1976), Terry Gilliam (1940), Tom Conti (1941), Billie Jean King (1943), Jamie Lee Curtis (1958), Boris Becker (1967) and Scarlett Johansson (1984).