San Marino adopted their constitution in 1600, making it the oldest constitutional republic in the world. The Great Chicago Fire began around 9:00 pm on this day in 1871. It died out on its own in the early hours of 10 October, having burnt an area of about 4 square miles and having killed up to 300 people. Germany annexed western Poland in 1939 and Che Guevara was captured in Bolivia in 1967.
Born today: Juan Perón (1895-1974), Fred Stolle (1938), Jesse Jackson (1941), Johnny Ramone (1948-2004), Sigourney Weaver (1949), Ardal O'Hanlon (1965) and Matt Damon (1970).