On this day in 1357, Charles IV set the foundation stone for the Charles Bridge in Prague. In 1868, the 14th Amendment to the US Constitution was passed, granting full citizenship to black Americans and guaranteeing all US citizens due process of law. In 1986, homosexuality was legalised in New Zealand. Celebrating birthdays today: David Hockney, Shaft (aka Richard Roundtree), Marc Almond, Tom Hanks, Jim Kerr, and Paolo diCanio. Bahá'ïs commemorate the Martyrdom of the Bab today.