The Mongols ransacked Kraków in 1241. Jacques de Molay, last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, was burnt at the stake in 1314. The Tolpuddle Martyrs were sentenced to be transported to Australia in 1834. In 1937, a natural gas explosion blew up the London School in New London, Texas, killing 295 students and teachers. Aleksei Leonov became the first man to walk in space in 1965.
Born today: Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908), Wilfred Owen (1893-1918), Peter Graves (1926-2010), John Updike (1932-2009) and Wilson Pickett (1941-2006).