Santiago, Chile, was founded in 1541. Puyi, the last Emperor of China, abdicated in 1912. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1974 and Carmen Lawrence became the first female premier in Australia in 1990, when she became Premier of Western Australia.
Born today: Thomas Campion (1567-1620), Charles Darwin (1809-1882), Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), Anna Pavlova (1881-1931), R.F. Delderfield (1912-1972), Franco Zefferelli (1923), Annette Crosbie (1934), Ray Manzarek (1939).
It is Red Hand Day, a day to promote awareness of the plight of child soldiers.