Richard I died of an infection in 1199. Jan van Riebeeck started a re-supply camp on the Cape of Good Hope that would become Cape Town in 1652. Napoleon was exiled to Elba in 1814. The first modern Olympics began in Athens in 1896.
Born today: Raphael (1483-1520), Jean-Baptiste Rousseau (1671-1741), Alexander Herzen (1812-1870), André Previn (1929), Paul Daniels (1938) and Zamfir, Master of the Pan Flute (1941).